Warehouse management is a key part of any supply chain. It primarily focuses on control and storage of the warehouse materials and associated processes, like shipping, receiving products, transaction, picking and cataloguing, etc. with it. The real-time information and stocks put away are optimized with computer support as well as complex warehousing structures are simplified through different efforts. With the help of computer support it is possible to process receipts of goods faster, issue stock transfer quickly and introduce proper management operations for each individual storage bins. This means a warehouse belonging to several owners with mix pallet of belongings can be slotted easily.
Warehouse management systems are imperative part of processing logistics requirements of a company. Applications of SAP warehouse management not only provides flexible support, but it automatically assist in processing goods and maintaining stock inventories. The technology used for information processing is Auto ID data capture. Other than that there are mobile computers, barcode scanners, wireless LANS and also RFID or radio frequency identification for monitoring effective running of product flow. Data is collected and then synchronized through a wireless transmission device into the central database storage. One can acquire information and useful report of goods statuses in the warehouse using the applications.
Objective of setting up a computer support for management is to keep a tab of the material movements and the changes in the material statuses easily. Not only can one inspect statuses quickly but it is also possible to store and release the goods with proper reports much easily. It is also necessary staging materials in order to supply them to production area. Most organizations need a carefully coordinated report of the shipped goods and when and how sales orders were picked from different areas.
Companies can use such support applications for management of warehouse as standalone systems or they can incorporate modules of ERP systems. In its simplest form, warehouse management systems track products during production and acts as an interpreter between Warehouse management systems and ERP systems. The data tracking and information cataloguing is not limited within the boundaries of warehouse. It extends far wider. For instance, together with management of inventory of warehouse, currently warehouse management involves planning of inventory, management of cost and communication through different IT application, the information about different levels to different departments.
When and how container is stored, loading time and place, unloading time and place are part of the information of warehouse management, which is again part of supply chain management as well as demand management. To a great extent the production management is also dependent on warehouse management. So, management of warehouse starts during the initial planning of product design, container design and other strategies.
Logistics professionals use technologies and different applications as well as strategies in organizations, within their supply chain management model. Within this multi-echelon model of distribution of products to final customer, storage and movement of goods, together with receipts and planning of the movement of goods forms a huge part. It optimizes the overall cost of the transportation and processing of the goods through the levels as well as fulfils the order delivery on time. Complex warehousing facilities may include custom designed areas of storage, automatic warehousing, high rack storage, storage in bulk, etc. Adaptation to this limitless variety of storage bins is necessary when managing warehouse.